Cyber Risk & Data Privacy

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The European Commission recently published its new draft Standard Contractual Clauses (SCCs) for international transfers of personal data to third parties located outside of the EEA.

The new SCCs have been expected for some time in light of the coming into force of the GDPR. The existing set of SCCs were implemented under the former Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC and still referenced that regime. The delay was due to the European Commission reconciling the new SCCs with the decision of the European Court of Justice in Schrems II.

Whilst the new SCCs align with the GDPR, address the Schrems II decision, and directly incorporate some of the European Data Protection Board (EDPB) Recommendations on Supplementary Measures (01/2020), they are not a catch-all solution for international data transfers. Parties will still be required to undertake a risk assessment, and adopt supplementary measures (where necessary), to ensure the effectiveness of the new SCCs in the third country concerned.  Where the new SCCs and supplementary measures do not provide an adequate level of protection in the third country, then companies will be obliged to suspend and/or terminate the transfer.


Continue Reading European Commission publishes draft new SCCs

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The European Commission recently published draft Article 28 Standard Contractual Clauses for use between controllers and processors located within the European Union.  The draft Article 28 Clauses are distinct from, and  should not be confused with, the European Commission’s new draft Standard Contractual Clauses (SCCs) for data transfers out of the EEA.  The latter SCCs contain their own set of Article 28 clauses.

Continue Reading European Commission publishes new draft Article 28 Clauses

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The Government has published its legislation programme for Autumn 2020. The programme includes: 30 priority Bills; 50 Bills that are expected to undergo pre-legislative scrutiny; 87 Bills where preparatory work is underway, and 14 Bills which are currently before the Oireachtas.

Key Bills of relevance to the data protection, commercial and technology sector include:

Priority Legislation 

  • Withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union (Consequential Provisions) Bill – This Bill will provide for the legislative needs that will arise at the end of the Brexit transition period.

Bills expected to undergo pre-legislative scrutiny  

  • Online Safety and Media Regulation Bill – This Bill will provide for the establishment of a Media Commission (including an Online Safety Commissioner), the dissolution of the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland, a regulatory framework to tackle harmful online content, and implementation of the revised Audiovisual Media Services (AVMS) Directive 2018/1808. The general scheme of the Bill was published in January 2020, and the  legislative programme indicates that further heads are in preparation. Member States are expected to implement the AVMS Directive in national law by 19 September 2020, so Ireland will miss this deadline.
  • Consumer Rights Bill– This Bill will give effect to EU Directive 770/2019 on consumer contracts for the supply of digital content and digital services, EU Directive 771/2019 on consumer contracts for the sale of goods, and to update and consolidate the statutory provisions on consumer rights and remedies in relation to contracts for the supply of non-digital services, unfair contract terms, and information and cancellation rights.


Continue Reading Government publishes Legislation Programme for Autumn 2020

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On the 23 July 2020, the European Data Protection Board (EDPB) adopted FAQs on the Schrems II judgment. The FAQs provide answers to questions received by EU data protection authorities (DPAs) and will be developed and complemented by the EDPB in due course.

In brief, the EDPB clarifies:

  • No grace period – The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) has invalidated the Privacy Shield with immediate effect. The judgment does not provide any grace period during which companies can keep transferring personal data to the US without assessing the legal basis for the transfer.
  • Use of SCCs for EEA-US transfers – US law (i.e. Section 702 FISA and EO 12333) does not ensure an essentially equivalent level of protection. Whether or not you can transfer personal data to the US based on the Standard Contractual Clauses (SCCs) will depend on the result of your adequacy assessment, taking into account the circumstances of the transfers, and supplementary measures you could put in place. The supplementary measures, along with SCCs, would have to ensure that US law does not impinge on the adequate level of protection they guarantee.


Continue Reading EDPB publish FAQs on Schrems II

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The Court of Justice of the European Union has delivered its eagerly awaited decision, in Schrems II (Case C-311/18).

Why is the case important?

Schrems II calls into the question the ability of companies to lawfully transfer data from the EU to the United States (US) and other countries.

The GDPR contains strict rules on transferring data from the EU to third countries, and this case deals with the compatibility of these rules with surveillance laws in other countries.

What has the Court decided?

The headline outcome is that:

  • The Privacy Shield decision is invalid with immediate effect – this means that companies can no longer rely on a Privacy Shield certification when transferring personal data to the US.
  • Standard contractual clauses (SCCs) are valid – but their use is subject to certain pre-conditions and ongoing obligations.


Continue Reading Schrems II – The Verdict

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In recent weeks, employers have been busy implementing the recommendations set out in the Government’s Return to Work Safely Protocol, in preparation for employees returning to the workplace.  Somewhat surprisingly, the Protocol makes no reference to the need to comply with data protection law, yet the measures recommended by the Protocol involve the processing personal

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​The register of one-stop-shop decisions is now live on the EDPB website. It contains access to summaries and final decisions adopted by the Lead Supervisory Authorities (LSAs), working together with other concerned authorities. The decisions concern a range of data protection compliance issues, in particular, data subject rights; lawfulness of processing, data breaches, security, and transparency requirements. In many cases, the LSAs concluded there was no violation of the GDPR. In the event there was a violation, the LSAs, for the most part, issued reprimands or compliance orders, rather than fines.

Continue Reading EDPB’s register of one-stop-shop decisions now live

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The Data Protection Commission (DPC) has published a two year Regulatory Activities Report, which reviews the range of its regulatory tasks from 25 May 2018 to 25 May 2020.

​The Report notes that the purpose of the two-year assessment is “to provide a wider-angled lens through which to assess the work of the DPC since the implementation of the GDPR; in particular, to examine wider datasets and annual trends to see what patterns can be identified.” 


Continue Reading DPC publishes Regulatory Activities Report for 2018-2020

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As part of their lockdown exit strategy, governments around the world are launching Apps with contact tracing functions. The idea behind these Apps is that users will be alerted when another App user has tested positive to Covid-19, thereby enabling them to take appropriate action, such as self-isolating or undergoing testing.

It remains to be

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The European Data Protection Board (EDPB), the body tasked with ensuring consistent application of the GDPR across Europe, has published its annual report for 2019. As we approach the two year anniversary of the GDPR, the EDPB Chair refers to a “common data protection culture” emerging as a result of the continued cooperation between European Data Protection Authorities (DPAs).

The following are some of the key points from the EDPB’s activities in 2019.


Continue Reading EDPB publishes Annual Report for 2019